Course Number & Name:  OPH 210 Principles of Refraction

Credit Hours:  3.0             Contact Hours:  3.0          Lecture:  3.0                       Lab:  N/A             Other:  N/A

Prerequisites:  Acceptance into the Vision Care program. Grades of “C” or better in OPH 202 and OPH 204
Concurrent Courses: 

Course Description:  This course is designed to develop the student’s knowledge of clinical refraction.   Topics will include: etiology, types, symptoms, testing and treatment of refractive anomalies of the eye, accommodation, presbyopia, versions, vengeances, anisometropia and aniseikonia, asthenopia, patient history, procedures involved in preliminary testing, objective and subjective refraction, basic techniques in retinoscope.

<!–Course Goals: Upon successful completion of this course, students should be able to do the following:

  1. differentiate the distribution, influences and components of the refractive status of the eye; and
  2. discuss the etiology, types, causes, symptoms, testing and treatment of abnormalities of the eye.


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